The Dutch Engineer title, (abbreviation: Ing.) denotes the degree obtained by graduates from the Dutch HBO, or Higher Professional Education System. The institutes in this system offer Higher Education in the University sector. The programmes, however, are professionally oriented, which implies that they promote skills in the practical applicability and transferability of research rather than focusing on the more radical and fundamental types of research itself.
Programmes are normally derived from professional profiles, developed in close consultation with the sectors and sub-sectors of the industry in which graduates will find careers. A full Engineer programme has a four-year curriculum.
Graduates who enrol in related professionally oriented Masters programmes in the Netherlands itself normally complete these programmes successfully within 12 months.
The degree is equivalent to the BSc Honours degree in British Universities, in that these Universities accept graduate Engineers for direct enrolment into a 12-month professionally oriented Masters programme in the same or a closely related subject area.
The degree is comparable in contents and function and acceptance by employers to a German Fachhochschule - Diplom, with the difference that both in the Netherlands and abroad it gives graduates access to postgraduate studies, which the Fachhochschule - Diplom does not.
Graduated Engineers from the Dutch system will generally require one more year of study to complete an Ingénieur programme at the French Ecoles Supérieures, with the proviso that they choose a curriculum which closely fits in with their previous specialisation. It must be noted that the Ingénieur programmes in these institutes have five-year curricula for French students too.